When conducting research you may be instructed only to use "academic," "scholarly" or "peer reviewed" journals. But what does that mean? In fact, you may find three main types of articles in a database if you look. What are the differences between them? Academic Journal articles are typically referred to as scholarly and are written for professors, students and researchers. Magazine articles are frequently called popular materials and are written for the interests of the general public. A third category, trade magazines/journals, are written for professionals in a particular field but are not strictly research related. Below are some examples of the differences additional criteria to consider to help you differentiate between scholarly journals and popular and trade magazines.
|Criteria||Academic or Scholarly Journal||Popular Magazine||Trade Magazine/Journal|
|Audience||Academics and professionals only||General public||People in the business (Note the $100 bills
in the sandwich above!)
|Authors||Experts or specialists (PhD). Unpaid.||Journalists, staff writers, or freelance writers. Paid.||Staff writers, industry specialists, or vendor
(In the case of vendor
reps. it may be outright
|Article Types||Scholarly||Popular||Trade (Business)|
|Example Article Title||
"Is Barbarism with a Human Face Our Fate?"
|"Biden's New Deal and The Future of Human Capitalism"||"Griffith, Dickens and The Politics of Composure"|
|Price||$58/year (4 issues)||$89.99/year (47 issues)||$280/year (5 issues)|